For some people in Indonesia, it might be foreign to hear the name the Lion Dance. However, if you see it firsthand, most people probably have or even often witnessed it at least once a year. So, what is meant by the Lion Dance?
Getting to know The Lion Dance
The Lion Dance or lion dance, is basically a traditional dance performance which is known in Indonesia and is more familiar with the name Barongsai. This lion dance performance or the Lion Dance, is a traditional art which originated from China and also has been around for a very long time. The Lion Dance itself uses a sarong or costume similar to a lion based on the name and concept of the dance. In fact, some speculation says that this Lion Dance has thousands of years of history. Therefore, we can find many lion dance performances in various regions, and Indonesia is no exception. As for the existence of the Lion Dance itself, the first records mention that this traditional Chinese art has existed since the Chin Dynasty. that is, more or less in the 3rd century BC. But not only that, because this Lion Dance has a very long history. Therefore, to better identify traditional Chinese dance arts that we often see in Indonesia, you can see a variety of complete information in this discussion.
Characteristics of Dance, Movement, and Types of The Lion Dance (Barongsai Art)
As in the previous explanation, that the art of lion dance or the Lion Dance had its initial popularity during the Nan-Bei (South-North) Dynasty or the Chin Dynasty around 420 AD to 589 AD. The lion dance or lion dance is a traditional art which is arguably the oldest dance in mainland Asia. Of course, this Lion Dance or lion dance has distinctive Nexiabet characteristics and is easily recognized by everyone. In addition, there are 2 types of lion dance that we know so far, namely the Northern Lion Dance (northern lion) and also the Southern Lion dance (southern lion). Each of the two types of lion dance, generally in one costume or a special sarong, this dance is played by 2 people with certain and special dance movements. Because,
However, both the northern lion dance and the Southern Lion Dance have different characteristics, movements and dances. The Northern Lion Dance or the northern lion dance usually has four legs and a curly mane. Meanwhile, the southern lion or the Southern Lion Dance has horns and scales on the costume / doll. Therefore, if we look at the difference between the two, the appearance of the northern lion is more like a lion in agen bola online terpercaya with thick fur and does not have scales like the Southern Lion Dance or the southern lion.
The Northern Lion Dance
Both the northern lion dance and the southern lion dance, of course we can also find it every year, because the lion dance itself has long been in and spread in the country. For this northern lion, in Indonesia it is known as Peking Sai. As previously mentioned, that the northern lion dance has a character with thick fur and also thick with red and yellow as its trademark. Generally, this Peking Sai is performed by 2 adults and the singers have a red ribbon on their head. It itself symbolizes a male lion, but not infrequently also found in the form of a lion costume with a green ribbon on its head which symbolizes the lioness.
The northern lion dance, or Peking Sai, is usually played or performed acrobatically and attractively. For example, standing and walking on a rope, on a ball, spinning and several other movements which are also played attractively. However, it is not uncommon for us to find this northern lion dance performed with a small lion or lion cub depicting a warrior equipped with certain objects such as a ball. Wushu martial arts, which is also a native sport from China, is also reflected in the role of the warrior in Peking Sai.
Different from today, the Peking Sai show used to be played or acted as a special entertainment for the royal family in China. But nowadays, Peking sai is performed at certain celebrations which correspond to major holidays in China. Including, it has also been found and played in Indonesia.
The Southern Lion Dance
In fact, the term lion dance is more specific to the Southern Lion Dance and not Peking Sai. This lion dance or southern lion is also a type of lion dance which many Indonesians often find. The hallmark of this dance is usually more expressive when compared to the Northern Lion Dance. There are also characteristics and characteristics of this southern lion, the lion’s head frame is made of bamboo and attached with special paper. the paper to be used is then painted / drawn, and attached with feathers and decorations. In addition, the material used for fur is very high quality and usually durable, because the manufacture requires rabbit or sheep hair. However, it is also possible to make cheaper feathers, usually made of synthetic fur which is cheaper. In the modern era like today, the lion dance frame is made of rattan or aluminum by keeping up with the times. Unlike Peking Sai, lion dance has various types. To find out more, here are some types of lion dance or southern lion, namely:
- Lion Dance Futsan / Fo Shan
Futsan or fo shan is a type of lion dance that is performed by stances and movements where more effort is required. This fo shan or futsan lion dance is also commonly played on traditional lion dance themes. When compared to the hoksan lion dance, the futsan lion dance has a faster movement, while the hoksan barongsai has a more relaxed movement than the fo shan. Besides that, the fo shan lion dance is also used and taught in every kung fu school, and the requirement to be able to perform this futsan lion dance is only the best students.
- Hoksan Lion Dance
The next type of lion dance is the hoksan lion dance. In general, the hoksan lion dance is famous for its more expressive, more unique, impressive steps and more distinctive music. The hoksan type lion dance itself was invented and created by Feng Gengzhang around the twentieth century, who was taught martial arts from generation to generation. The distinctive feature of this hoksan lion dance is its mouth which resembles the beak of a duck. Not only that, his body also looks more athletic with colors that appear to glow with unique and distinctive footsteps. Along with the times, the hoksan lion dance also underwent changes, especially improvements. For example, made to resemble a cat, until the tail is made shorter. The hoksan lion dance is also adjusted to the sound of the drum beat which has now undergone many changes.
From the explanation as well as the differences between the two types of lion dance or the Lion Dance above, of course it can be concluded that the lion dance or this type of southern lion dance is more complex and also has a wider application than the Peking Sai or the northern lion dance. In addition, many things are also depicted in the Southern Lion Dance or this lion dance. The color difference contained in the lion dance feathers defines a character and the age of the lion dance. Here below are some types of lion dance based on the color of the feathers, namely:
- White feather color lion dance
The white color is a symbol of holiness, where the lion dance with the oldest age is depicted on this white lion dance. As the Chinese legends where the white color is always synonymous and associated with something sacred.
- Yellow feather color lion dance
Meanwhile, if we look at the lion dance which has a yellow color, it means that the lion dance is in the middle or middle age, not so easy and old. The yellow color itself in the lion dance represents hockey and sincerity.
- Black feather color lion dance
Of the several types of lion dance with different coat colors, the lion dance with black fur is usually played or performed with different movements that are more agile, aggressive, and depict like having a high curiosity. This is because the black lion dance is the youngest and has the youngest age.
- Gold color lion dance
The color gold in Chinese terms is a color that is synonymous with joy. This also exists in one type of lion dance. Just like this, a lion dance that has a golden feather color is a picture of joy or joy according to that color type.
- The lion dance is green
In contrast to the meaning of the color green which is commonly known to many people in Indonesia, which means luck. However, it is different with what is in this green lion dance. The lion dance which has a green color or green hair is considered as a bond of friendship.
- Red feather color lion dance
Finally, the type of lion dance based on the color of the fur is the lion dance color of red feathers. Of course we already know what is the meaning of this red lion dance. Yes, the red lion dance on his feathers symbolizes a fiery spirit and courage.
The general colors found in this type of lion dance are indeed the original identity of each lion dance. However, the modern era has also given birth to a modern lion dance as well. As with the emergence of new colors on the lion dance, such as orange, purple, and pink feathers. Some argue that the birth of new colors in the modern lion dance is to complement the type of lion dance more fully and in color, especially now that the lion dance is not only displayed during major holidays such as Chinese New Year or certain ceremonies in China. However, the appearance of the lion dance is also shown as an entertainment, education, and so on.
Lion dance art or lion dance performances originating from China, are no longer only displayed or performed in certain and special places at this time. Like in a royal palace, holy place, or certain other places. But nowadays, the lion dance is also often displayed in any place that resembles an arena or a large field as the times have until now. Then, the lion dance is also danced on a special board or floor.
When we often see lion dance performances in Indonesia, it looks so complicated. Moreover, the lion dance is not played by only 1 person, but by 2 people at once. Therefore, indeed, to dance a lion dance so that it looks attractive and beautiful, every lion dance actor must have good cooperation between 1 and the other actors. Not only cooperation with other lion dance players, but every lion dance actor must also be in uniform with a musical instrument which is played by several musicians in a lion dance performance during the show. Not only the origin of the movement and dancing the lion dance, but all the lion dance players involved in the show must make it look really alive and real. For example, by creating facial expressions and expressions on a lion dance according to conditions, including silence, movement, anger, drunkenness, or other lion dance facial expressions. However, the thing that must be mastered by a lion dance player or actor is to have the ability of a good stance. It is intended so that the shape and curves of a lion dance can look attractive and good.
The development of Barongsai in Indonesia
Perhaps we, as Indonesians, are still many who wonder why what we often see is the lion dance and not the peking sai or the northern lion dance. It is true that the lion dance is more common in Indonesia because of its spread from ancient times. As the name implies, the Southern Lion Dance, this type of lion dance is spread according to the location of the country of Indonesia which is in southern China, to be precise in Southeast Asia. Therefore, some people believe that lion dance is taught and introduced more according to the geographical location of the country of Indonesia. Not only Indonesia, but the same as in Singapore, Malaysia, or several other countries in the Southeast Asia region. Although there are minority groups who perform the Peking Sai dance in Indonesia.
As for the art of the lion dance itself, it was first introduced or entered in Indonesia, which was around the 17th century. Where at that time from the South China region there was a massive migration. Of course we all know that China itself is the most populous country in the world, right? Because it is like in Singapore, Malaysia and even in Indonesia, many descendants come from China. In Indonesia itself, the art of barongsai has experienced a phase where it flourished when there was a gathering of people from Tipng Hoa. From each of these Tiong Hoa associations scattered in various regions in Indonesia. and all have this southern lion dance association or lion dance. Besides, The development of lion dance in Indonesia was stopped in 1965 due to the rebellion which we know as the G30S / PKI. Due to these events at that time, all kinds of Chinese culture were eliminated. In fact, even worse the art of lion dance at that time was prohibited from being spread again to other areas or prohibited from being shown. As time went on and the G30S / PKI event did not last long and was successfully crushed, finally the art of lion dance began to come back to life and was performed in almost all regions in Indonesia. This also gave birth to lion dance players from Indonesia taking part and studying this art from China. Because it creates a harmony between races,
However, during the Suharto era, who was then president of Indonesia, the barongsai dance was also prohibited from being performed. Also, only the city of Semarang at that time was able to demonstrate the art of lion dance in Indonesia with the existence of 6 Chinese universities in Semarang. Although the actors or lion dance players act on behalf of 6 certain special groups, it does not rule out the possibility of Indonesians who come from outside Semarang to also participate in the performance of the lion dance art. So, after the New Order era in 1998, the performance of the lion dance began to come back to life and can be played in all regions in Indonesia and we can see it anywhere. Especially what we often see this lion dance performance,
Achievement of Barongsai Arts in Indonesia
The development and spread of lion dance in Indonesia can be said to be very rapid. It is proven by the many achievements in every match or competition in the world that have been successfully inscribed for this branch. Even more great, the lion dance team from Indonesia was able to defeat the lion dance team from several other ASEAN countries, even beating the lion dance team from China, where this art was born in that country. Besides that, the Indonesian lion dance team was also able to beat the team from Malaysia, where Malaysia is a country that studied this art earlier than Indonesia. With several achievements that the Indonesian lion dance team managed to get, Of course, it is hoped that it can provide more motivation and education so that it will increase for new players or actors later. This also certainly can create a value of harmony between fellow lion dance teams. Both at home and between international lion dance teams.
As we already know, this southern lion dance or lion dance requires special skills and skills through routine training. Even though it is quite complicated, it will be easy for some people to master it if they have practiced and got special lessons. This can give birth to some reliable and professional lion dance players. It is not uncommon that there are still many people who speculate that every lion dance player will experience possession or mind and self-control outside the subconscious, just like native Indonesian arts. But in reality this is not true, because the skill that each player has makes it look like impossible. Not only that,